This installment of patent examination types is a review of examiners’ negotiation tactics. These tactics are used to compel the examiner’s desired result – irrespective of the technical merit of your application and claims.
Continue reading Patent Examination Types, Part III
Unwritten rule #1 of patent examination: If a reply to an office action includes no claim amendments, the examiner can simply copy-and-paste the last rejection.
Continue reading Claim Amendments: Clarifying vs. Narrowing
The first post about patent examination types focused on examination tactics that amount to a wholesale dismissal or avoidance of the disclosed invention. In those cases, the examiner isn’t even considering the contents of the claim. Nothing that you put in the claim will cause the examiner to alter the outcome or rationale.
At the other end of the spectrum, some examination tactics focus on the contents of the claim in excruciating detail. Through a variety of tactics, these examiners endeavor to shift the conversation away from technology, logic, and the ordinary rules of language, and into the realm of linguistic gamesmanship.
Continue reading Patent Examination Types, Part II
Chess, when played beyond a basic skill level, is not a game about pieces; it’s about reading your opponent.
Over time, I have reached a similar realization about patent prosecution.
Continue reading The Rejection Behind the Office Action
During my time in patent prosecution, I have encountered many good patent examiners – those whose office actions are clear, persuasive, technically accurate, and consistent with law. I deeply appreciate these examiners’ efforts, because it reveals a clear course of action to recommend to my client – even if that recommendation is an abandonment.
On the other hand, occasional puzzlement and frustration arise from office actions that are, in various ways, unsatisfying. Over time, I have noticed consistent patterns of approaches to examination that evoke this reaction. Of these examination styles – the “dirty dozen” (edit: ended up being a baker’s dozen) – this article will cover the first three.
Continue reading Patent Examination Types, Part I
I’d like to begin my commentary about the patent office with an overarching observation – one that I intend to emphasize throughout this weblog:
On the whole, U.S. patent examiners are good people doing good work under difficult circumstances.
Continue reading The Challenges of U.S. Patent Examination
When I began practicing patent law, my conceptual model of the patent examination process was an objective technical comparison of claimed inventions with prior art. Notably, I understood this process to be straightforward, legally and technically accurate, and – most of all – consistent and predictable. For a particular claim, the patent system should identify the same references and produce the same answer, irrespective of the particular art unit, examiner, or circumstances of the application. The internal mechanics of the USPTO, of examiners’ day-to-day lives, should be largely irrelevant to the outcome of an application.
7+ years of patent prosecution have radically changed my understanding of the patent process.
Continue reading USPTO Talk